Deserts do not bring surprise to us, while the lives of the animals can bring surprise to us. When we talk of Sahara Desert animals, we can only think of Camel is the only animal that can survive in the tough conditions of dessert. But we are not even aware of some of the desert animals which actually exist in Sahara. The living condition in the Sahara desert is very extreme, which makes life in the desert very difficult. But surprisingly some animals do live in the desert and they are alive quite well. The Sahara Desert animals make themselves highly adaptive to the desert but they are very shocking.
Sahara Desert Animals and Plant Life Conditions
We are barely aware of the actual condition of the Sahara desert but we can definitely know all of them now. The Sahara Desert is harsh and arid in condition, which makes the existence of life very difficult. You will be surprised to know that innumerable plants and animals have found the home in the Sahar Desert. There are more than 500 plant families in the desert, 70 types of mammals, 90 types of flying species, 100 types of reptiles that are countable. Apart from these, there must be other species of animal, insects, and plants which survive in the Sahara desert.
We have always heard and known about the Camel of Sahara and believed that the only animal which can survive in these extreme conditions. Camel has always been used on purpose historians believe. They were domesticated 3000 years ago to carry luggage in desert areas and they were first found in Southeast Arabian Peninsula. The Sahara desert animals, Camel is also known as a “Ship of Desert”. They are very well adapted to the arid and not temperature. The humps on the Camel’s back are used to store fat which they use later on for energy, in fact they also store water in their humps. They feed themselves on the cactus plants in the desert area. But as we already discussed there are also other animals which exist in the desert and we are not aware of them.
This kind of an animal is found in the Sahara Desert, they look like a small wolf, known as Golden Jackal. The golden jackal belongs to the family of dogs which is known as Canidae. Animal experts say that there are three types of jackal families in the world, out of which the Golden Jackal is most adaptive to the desert conditions. They are very adaptive to dry areas of the western part of the Sahara desert.
An adult Golden Jackal is 2-3 feet and the weight of this jackal is 15 kg or more, this kind of a dimension for a desert animal is unbelievable. It is very interesting the way the color of their short fur changes with the change in season. They also have excellent night visions and extremely heated body temperature.
It is desert-dwelling deer that stays in desert unrealistically, which is small in size and is also one of the most endangered species. These animals have the capability to stay without water for a very long period of time. They are such a clever species of animal that very selectively they choose plants from which they would want to drink water. They do not drink from any whatsoever plant. During summers to keep themselves hydrated they are active either in the early morning or at night but not in the middle of the day. They move in a group of 100 members always.
This kind of animal is probably the most suitable for the desert conditions to survive. They can tackle the desert weather so easily that they are easily spotted in the deserts but they are extensively highly endangered. They might not be very huge in size but they are 124 km with the food facility of the desert. They have a pair of the horn of almost 4 cm long on their head. They have short legs with hoofs and they are short in height. They have flat hoofs which makes it easy for then to walk in the sand dunes.
They preferably rest summertime only moves in the evening at times. They look for food either in the early morning or late evening after the sand dunes cool down enough. This timing of the clock is followed by them because actually during these hours the water in the plants is active. They also change their body-color during winter and they become greyish in color instead of being white in color.
This is a desert-dwelling large reptile species, they are the dwellers of the Western Sahara desert, Central Asia desert and also western desert of the world. They are 2 meters long in size, with strong limbs and tails. They are monitors in real meaning, they are majorly active during day time. Their skin is so perfectly adapted to the scorching sun of the desert and also to the weather condition that they can move when the sun is above the head in the deserts. This animal is mostly available in all the Sahara Desert countries.
Unlike other desert animals, they move freely during the day time which means that they run 20 miles per hour in search of food. Compared to other desert animals, this species is pretty much active in the desert. The advantage they have is they have a forked tongue which helps them identify the chemical present in the air and moisture and also helps themselves to locate their prey easily. Like many international animals, they hibernate during winters and become active only in winters.
This is the smallest species of the fox which stays in the desert, which is the dry region of the Sahara desert. These cute and small little foxes are very small and are cute in looks, they are 25-40 cm in length. Fennec foxes are known for their long ears and adaptations they possess to survive in the harsh Sahara desert environment. Their ears are 6cm long, their ears are very helpful because they can dissipate their hot body temperature through their ears and keep their body temperature cool. Their ears are so adaptive to movements that they can hear movements of their prey through ears.
They can stay longest without water because they consume the moisture from their food. They also collect dew drops from their burrow at night. They majorly stay in their burrow in the morning while at night they come out for prey. This nocturnal lifestyle of the fox helps them survive well in the forest.
If you visit the Sahara desert then having a glace of any of these animals is worthwhile. Visit all the Sahara Desert countries to have an overwhelming experience of the animals of Sahara.