The History of Transportation

The History of Transportation

Chinese online retail giant Alibaba CEO Jack Ma (C) waves as he arrives at the New York Stock Exchange in New York on September 19, 2014. Alibaba is poised for a record-breaking stock market debut on September 19, with shares priced at $68 in a public offering that could be valued at $25 billion. The company will step into the spotlight on the New York Stock Exchange, priced at the top of the $66-$68 per share range announced earlier this week, according to documents filed with US regulators. AFP PHOTO/Jewel SamadJEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images

The History of Transportation:

3500 BC Fixed wheels on carts are invented – the first wheeled vehicles in history. Other early wheeled vehicles include the chariot.
3500 BC Riverboats are invented – ships with oars
2000 BC Horses are domesticated and used for transportation.
181-234 The wheelbarrow is invented.
770 Iron horseshoes improve transportation by horse
1492 Leonardo da Vinci first to seriously theorize about flying machines – with over 100 drawings that illustrated his theories on flight
1620 Cornelis Drebbel invented the first submarine – a human oared submersible
1662 Blaise Pascal invents the first public bus – horse-drawn, regular route, schedule, and fare system
1740 Jacques de Vaucanson demonstrates his clockwork powered carriage
1783 First practical steamboat demonstrated by Marquis Claude Francois de Jouffroy d’Abbans – a paddlewheel steamboat
1783 The Montgolfier brothers invented the first hot air balloons
1787 Steamboat invented
1769 First self-propelled road vehicle invented by Nicolas Joseph Cugnot
1790 Modern bicycles invented
1801 Richard Trevithick invented the first steam-powered locomotive (designed for roads)
1807 Isaac de Rivas makes a hydrogen gas-powered vehicle – first with internal combustion power – however, very unsuccessful design
1807 First steamboat with regular passenger service – inventor Robert Fulton’s Clermont
1814 George Stephenson invents the first practical steam-powered railroad locomotive
1862 Jean Lenoir makes a gasoline engine automobile
1867 First motorcycle invented
1868 George Westinghouse invents the compressed air locomotive brake – enabled trains to be stopped with fail-safe accuracy
1871 the First cable car invented
1885 Karl Benz builds the world’s first practical automobile to be powered by an internal combustion engine
1899 Ferdinand von Zeppelin invents the first successful dirigible – the Zeppelin
1903 The Wright Brothers invent and fly the first engined airplane
1907 Very first helicopter – unsuccessful design
1908 Henry Ford improves the assembly line for automobile manufacturing
1908 Hydrofoil boats co-invented by Alexander Graham Bell & Casey Baldwin – boats that skimmed water
1926 First liquid propelled rocket launched
1940 Modern helicopters invented
1947 First supersonic jet flight
1956 Hovercraft invented
1964 Bullet train transportation invented
1969 First manned mission (Apollo) to the Moon
1970 First jumbo jet
1981 Space shuttle launched


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