Timeline of Robots

Robots

Chinese online retail giant Alibaba CEO Jack Ma (C) waves as he arrives at the New York Stock Exchange in New York on September 19, 2014. Alibaba is poised for a record-breaking stock market debut on September 19, with shares priced at $68 in a public offering that could be valued at $25 billion. The company will step into the spotlight on the New York Stock Exchange, priced at the top of the $66-$68 per share range announced earlier this week, according to documents filed with US regulators. AFP PHOTO/Jewel SamadJEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images

* ~270BC an ancient Greek engineer named Ctesibus made organs and water clocks with movable figures.
* 1818 – Mary Shelley wrote “Frankenstein” which was about a frightening artificial lifeform created by Dr. Frankenstein.Timeline of Robots
* 1921 – The term “robot” was first used in a play called “R.U.R.” or “Rossum’s Universal Robots” by the Czech writer Karel Capek. The plot was simple: man makes robot then robot kills a man!
* 1941 – Science fiction writer Isaac Asimov first used the word “robotics” to describe the technology of robots and predicted the rise of powerful robot industry.
* 1942 – Asimov wrote “Runaround”, a story about robots which contained the “Three Laws of Robotics”:
1. A robot may not injure a human, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
2. A robot must obey the orders it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
* 1948 – “Cybernetics”, an influence on artificial intelligence research was published by Norbert Wiener. British robotics pioneer William Grey Walter invented robots Elmer and Elsie that mimic lifelike behavior using very simple electronics.
* George Devol and Joe Engleberger invent the first programmable robot arm and coined the phrase Universal Automation for the first time.
* 1956 – George Devol and Joseph Engelberger formed the world’s first robot company. Squee, the electronic robot squirrel invented.
* 1959 – Computer-assisted manufacturing was demonstrated at the Servomechanisms Lab at MIT.
* 1961 – The first industrial robot was online in a General Motors automobile factory in New Jersey. It was called ANIMATE.
* 1963 – The first artificial robotic arm to be controlled by a computer was designed. The Rancho Arm was designed as a tool for the handicapped and it’s six joints gave it the flexibility of a human arm.
* 1965 – DENDRAL was the first expert system or program designed to execute the accumulated knowledge of subject experts.
* 1968 – The octopus-like Tentacle Arm was developed by Marvin Minsky.
* 1969 – The Stanford Arm was the first electrically powered, computer-controlled robot arm.
* 1970 – Shakey was introduced as the first mobile robot controlled by artificial intelligence. It was produced by SRI International.
* 1974 – A robotic arm (the Silver Arm) that performed small-parts assembly using feedback from touch and pressure sensors were designed.
* 1979 – The Standford Cart crossed a chair-filled room without human assistance. The cart had a tv camera mounted on a rail which took pictures from multiple angles and relayed them to a computer. The computer analyzed the distance between the cart and the obstacles.

 

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